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Taking care of Eye Allergies

Eye allergy is also known as ocular allergy  or allergic conjunctivitis. Eye allergy occurs when an allergy sensitive substance irritates the eye. Like any other allergies, eye allergy is also initiated by the immune system, where it recognises  a harmless substance as an allergen and produce antibodies. These antibodies further releases chemicals, that can irritate the eye, which shows  all the symptoms of eye allergic reaction, that include itching in the eyes, producing  in the eye, eye become red or swollen.

Most of the eye allergies are seasonal like, allergic rhinitis in hay fever, that are usually caused due to mold spore and pollen. Eye allergy may cause temporary blurriness or even for some extent threat to the eyesight. However, infection can also cause similar symptoms of eye allergies. Hence, one need to be confirmed it with the doctor. Most of the times a cold compress can give you an immediate relief, but for complete relief, you need to identify the exact cause and the allergens and treat the symptoms.
Symptoms of Eye Allergy includes
1) Eye allergies can also occur alone or with other allergies like nasal allergies and the allergic skin.
2) Redness in the white of the eye or the inner eyelid.
3) Itchy and watery eyes, burning sensation, swollen eyelid, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light.
What should not be done during the Eye Allergies
1) Avoid rubbing the eye, it can make the symptoms more worse. Rubbing may cause to release more  chemicals inside the, that cause the eyes to itch during the allergic  reaction.
2) Remove the contact lenses out, if you wear them,
3) Avoid eye makeup,
4) Apply cold compresses to your eyes.
5) Wash your hands often.
Covering up Eye Allergy
a) Apply a concealer, that do not produce allergy, to help hide dark circles.
Eye Allergy are Triggered by
a) Most of the eye allergies are seasonal like, allergic rhinitis in hay fever, that are usually caused due to mold spore and pollen.
b) There are some indoor allergens such as pet dander and dust mites can also cause eye allergies year-round. Usually the symptoms worsen during cleaning the house or grooming a pet.
c) Medications and cosmetics can play a significant role in causing eye allergies.
Clean Away Allergens
1) If dust mites trigger the symptoms, change the bedding and pillowcases with a new one. Wash sheets in hot water.
2) Clean floors with a clean and damp mop.
3) If indoor molds trigger the symptoms, regularly clean all the areas where molds can grow, such as bathrooms, basements  and kitchens.
4) Keep the humidity levels in the home between 30% and 50%.
Treating Eye Allergies
It is usually treated symptomatically
1) Antihistamines combat symptoms by blocking the effect of chemicals that can trigger the symptoms.
2) Mast cell stabilizers prevent the release of chemicals, that can trigger the symptoms, from mast cells.
3) Decongestant eye drops decreases redness by shrinking the swollen blood vessels in the eyes.
4) Immunotherapy makes the immune system accustom to the allergic substances .

Delhi Govt acts tough against ads of tobacco products

Delhi Government has written to various tobacco companies asking them to remove advertisement boards from shops and warned them against free distribution of boards or counters having tobacco ads among vendors.

Section 5 of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003 prohibits direct and indirect advertisements of tobacco products including at point of sale.

The Health Department had also written to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation requesting it to remove such advertisements from trains and stations following which it issued a circular to various advertisement agencies and also removed some ads.

"We have also written to the central government, DIP/DAVP and Advertisement Standard Council of India to stop surrogate advertisements of few tobacco brands which are happening on radio, TV, newspapers, etc. In the name of pan masala and mouth-fresheners, etc.," said Arora , Additional Director (Health). On February 28, the department had undertaken a massive awareness and enforcement drive in the city during which 60 shops were raided, 31 vendors were challaned and court proceedings were initiated against 12 repeat offenders.

"As part of the drive, several ads were removed from shops and other parts of the city and challans of amount Rs 9,500 were issued to vendors for violations of rule.

"Around 450 people including tobacco vendors and general public were sensitised on tobacco related issues. Also, vendors were strictly warned against display of such tobacco products," said Arora.

Blood groups A, B, AB at higher diabetes risk

Women who have blood groups A, B and AB are always in the top list and develop higher chances of getting Type 2 diabetes, a new study has found out. The study also highlights a strong relationship between blood group and risk of developing diabetes, with participants with the O blood type having a lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes," said Guy Fagherazzi from Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health in France.

For the study, the researchers collected data from more than 80,000 women in France followed between 1990 and 2008.

Woman who have blood group A had about 10 percent of more chances of having Type 2 diabetes. And those with blood group B had have 21 percent more chances of getting diabetes when compared to women with blood group O. The AB group was 17 percent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. Compared with O- women, the highest increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes was found in B+ (35 percent increased risk), followed by AB+ (26 percent), A- (22 percent), A+ (17 percent).

The human ABO locus usually influences endothelial or inflammation makers as per the studies. ABO grouping is also linked with various molecules known to be connected to Type 2 diabetes. The study was published in the journal Diabetologia.

Anti-obesity drugs may work in middle-age

A new study has revealed that middle-aged people can manage weight and stay slim and fit with the intake of obesity drugs. These drugs that are suppose to re-ignite the appetite would help to have a control on your food intake, according to the researchers from the University of Aberdeen-led, reported the Daily Express.

The researchers conducted a study which comprised of middle-aged obese mice and healthy young mice. They found that the already existing, anti-obesity drugs reduced the food intake of mice in both the group of mice. Our brains change as we get older or more obese, leading to a “rewiring” of the parts involved in energy balance.

Animal studies are ideal for basic research, but trials on humans are required before an assessment of the benefits and risks of anti-obesity medications can be made. The anti obesity medications reduces food intake in middle aged and obese mice same as that in the case of human beings.

City life stress may make people more prone to diabetes

A new study has recently revealed that the increased stress may make people, who relocate from rural areas to cities, more prone to diabetes in developing nations. One factor that could raise a person’s risk of developing diabetes and other metabolic problems is chronic exposure to the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol can counteract insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar, and slow the body’s production of it.

In the research among the urban residents, 28 percent of the people had diabetes or other glucose metabolism disorders. The rate was less than half that for rural residents. The urban dwellers also had significantly higher cortisol levels than their rural counterparts. While the city residents reported that they exercised less and ate more fast food and desserts than the rural residents, lifestyle changes aren’t the only factor at work. The difference in cortisol levels indicates that the hormone was a key part of the equation.

Peter Herbert Kann, PhD, said that this was the first prospective study to systematically show the body’s regulation of the hormone cortisol plays a part in the metabolic changes brought on by the shift to an urban lifestyle. The study is published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Compared to children without diabetes, the brains of those with the disease had slower overall and regional growth of gray and white matter. These differences were associated with higher and more variable blood sugar levels, according to the study.

Losing weight, quitting smoking may reduce risk of old age Dementia

A new study has showed that old age dementia can be controlled by losing weight, quitting smoking and also reduces the risk of heart diseases and diabetes.

Dementia is not just a term or single disease in itself, but it is rather a general term that would show some symptoms such as memory impairments, communication and thinking problems etc.

the researchers have also suggested that dementia can be included as a part national public health prevention and detection programs along with some other non communicable diseases. It is always better to treat this at the earliest than too late to make healthy lifestyle changes.

The World Alzheimer's Report 2014 commissioned by Alzheimer's disease International said that dementia's links to physical health could be effective at fending off dementia even in later life.

It is founded that Diabetes can hamper a person's risk of developing Dementia by about 50 percent. Obesity and lack of physical activity leads to high blood pressure, which is been associated with many cases of dementia.

Marc Wortmann, executive director of Alzheimer's Disease International, said that the risk factors for dementia "overlap" with those of other major non-communicable diseases. It would draw out similarities with that of many forms of non-communicable diseases.

George McNamara, head of policy at the UK's Alzheimer's Society, said many lifestyle factors play a key role in the development of dementia.

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