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Taking care of Eye Allergies

Eye allergy is also known as ocular allergy  or allergic conjunctivitis. Eye allergy occurs when an allergy sensitive substance irritates the eye. Like any other allergies, eye allergy is also initiated by the immune system, where it recognises  a harmless substance as an allergen and produce antibodies. These antibodies further releases chemicals, that can irritate the eye, which shows  all the symptoms of eye allergic reaction, that include itching in the eyes, producing  in the eye, eye become red or swollen.

Most of the eye allergies are seasonal like, allergic rhinitis in hay fever, that are usually caused due to mold spore and pollen. Eye allergy may cause temporary blurriness or even for some extent threat to the eyesight. However, infection can also cause similar symptoms of eye allergies. Hence, one need to be confirmed it with the doctor. Most of the times a cold compress can give you an immediate relief, but for complete relief, you need to identify the exact cause and the allergens and treat the symptoms.
Symptoms of Eye Allergy includes
1) Eye allergies can also occur alone or with other allergies like nasal allergies and the allergic skin.
2) Redness in the white of the eye or the inner eyelid.
3) Itchy and watery eyes, burning sensation, swollen eyelid, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light.
What should not be done during the Eye Allergies
1) Avoid rubbing the eye, it can make the symptoms more worse. Rubbing may cause to release more  chemicals inside the, that cause the eyes to itch during the allergic  reaction.
2) Remove the contact lenses out, if you wear them,
3) Avoid eye makeup,
4) Apply cold compresses to your eyes.
5) Wash your hands often.
Covering up Eye Allergy
a) Apply a concealer, that do not produce allergy, to help hide dark circles.
Eye Allergy are Triggered by
a) Most of the eye allergies are seasonal like, allergic rhinitis in hay fever, that are usually caused due to mold spore and pollen.
b) There are some indoor allergens such as pet dander and dust mites can also cause eye allergies year-round. Usually the symptoms worsen during cleaning the house or grooming a pet.
c) Medications and cosmetics can play a significant role in causing eye allergies.
Clean Away Allergens
1) If dust mites trigger the symptoms, change the bedding and pillowcases with a new one. Wash sheets in hot water.
2) Clean floors with a clean and damp mop.
3) If indoor molds trigger the symptoms, regularly clean all the areas where molds can grow, such as bathrooms, basements  and kitchens.
4) Keep the humidity levels in the home between 30% and 50%.
Treating Eye Allergies
It is usually treated symptomatically
1) Antihistamines combat symptoms by blocking the effect of chemicals that can trigger the symptoms.
2) Mast cell stabilizers prevent the release of chemicals, that can trigger the symptoms, from mast cells.
3) Decongestant eye drops decreases redness by shrinking the swollen blood vessels in the eyes.
4) Immunotherapy makes the immune system accustom to the allergic substances .

First Inflatable Orbital Implant Surgery

Hyderabad's LV Prasad Eye Institute has pioneered the implantation of inflatable orbital tissue expander for the first time in India. Congenital anophthalmia has been haunting patients with grossly visible asymmetric facial bone growth, leading to a significant cosmetic deformity in adult life. Though an artificial eye can be placed, there was no treatment available till date to stimulate the bony growth in the most natural manner.

Said Dr. Tarjani Dave, consultant, socket services and ocularistry, department of ophthalmic plastic surgery, LV Prasad Eye Institute,”Treating this child with unilateral congenital anophthalmia and bony socket contracture with orbital tissue expander was a major achievement for us. Anophthalmic socket is a challenge to treat. The premise of implanting an orbital tissue expander is that you take care of socket contracture before 'bone amblyopia', in order to effectively expand the socket.

Hence these interventions are best done in infancy. This mimics natural growth of an eyeball, thereby allowing adequate and symmetrical bone growth.'
Designed by doctors in Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, this special implant is fixed to one of the bony walls with special plate and screws.
The 'ball' component stays in the natural position of the absent eyeball, and can be gradually inflated with saline injections at regular intervals, similar to inflating a balloon.

Vitamin D reduces lung disease flare-ups

A clinical study that was conducted recently, found out that vitamin D supplements can reduce lung disease flare-ups by over 40 percent in patients having vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin D deficiency is mostly found as a prevalent problem that persists the general population. There are no specific reasons being identified as to why there is an increased risk for vitamin D. The most prone people are the ones who have diseases such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, pneumonia and other related obstructive lung diseases.

Several studies indicate that vitamin D possesses a range of anti-inflammatory properties and may be involved in processes other than the previously believed functions of calcium and phosphate homeostasis.

The most usual symptoms found in the patients with COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases) are coughing, shortness of breath, excessive mucous production and tightness in chest. This is the first clinical trial to investigate the impact of vitamin D supplementation on severity and duration of COPD symptoms.

The trial included 240 patients with COPD in and around London. Some most common chronic lung diseases namely asthma and other related lung diseases.

The study also depicts that the immune and genetic influence of Vitamin D may influence the pathogenesis of chronic lung diseases.

Alcoholic Drinks should bear a warning tag

The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Alcohol Misuse suggested that all alcoholic products should carry a label having 'harmful effects of drinking'.
It was also declared by the government that it is working on reducing the excessive alcohol consumption and to work against the sale of cheap alcohol.
"Health warnings are a familiar and prominent feature on all tobacco products”, says the recommendation document written by the All-Party Parliamentary Group. It also says that the label which contains all the details on food is a must on all food items and soft drinks.

Still the ultimate information still remains to be the volume strength and unit content of the alcohol. In order to make the consumers aware of the risk factors, every alcohol should contain the label that includes health warnings based on evidences. These warnings should explain the nutritional, alcohol content and calorific value of the product.

They have also recommend a campaign on 'national public awareness on alcohol-related matters and issues. It would focus mainly on social workers, health care professionals and midwives to make alcohol treatment available to 15% of problem drinkers compared with 6% currently.
A random government spokeswoman said: “We are taking immediate steps to reduce excessive alcohol consumption and to inform people about the ill-effects which would take a toll on your health”.

Flour can cause Asthma

Inhalation of flour can be one of the main reasons behind occupational asthma, closely followed by cleaning products, as per some German researchers. A large scale research was conducted in France, which was aimed to understand who all were most influenced and affected by such a condition and what were the main causes behind it.

Some most common symptoms of asthma are coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and tightness across chest. Some of the most common triggers which worsen asthma are colds and flu viruses, cigarette smoke, dust, pollen and animal hair and fur. Asthma can start at any point of time in life or it can arise even as a result hereditary conditions. A person's lifestyle and environment can also result in occupational asthma.

Flour was identified as the main factor or cause behind, seen in almost 20 percent of cases. It is followed by ammonium compounds which are found in abundance in cleaning products. Explained lead study author and Professor Frederic De Blay from the University Hospital Strasbourg. Women had more chances of developing occupational asthma when compared to men.

People who worked in agricultural industries had comparatively less incidence of getting occupational asthma than those who worked in manufacturing industries of food products and beverages. If a person gets asthma at a very later stage in life, then it might have been developed by something in the surroundings or environment rather than a result of a hereditary factor or condition.

'The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations or COSHH protects all workers from exposure to chemicals and other substances in workplace.

Divorce can lead to high blood pressure

A very recent study has suggested that divorce related sleep problems are responsible for causing health related problems. People struggle with getting their life going again after undergoing a separation or divorce.

In the initial few months after a separation, sleep problems are probably pretty normal and this is an adjustment process that people can typically cope with well.
"But sleep problems that persist for an extended period may mean that you are potentially becoming depressed, leaving you susceptible to health problems," said David Sbarra, an associate professor of psychology at University of Arizona, US.

Those who are under pressure and experience such sleep problems after passing through a divorce stand suffer from more than just dark circles around the eyes.
They might also be at risk for potentially harmful increases in blood pressure, a new study finds. A growing body of research links divorce to significant negative health effects and even early death, yet few studies have looked at why that connection may exist.

Divorce-related sleep troubles may be partly to blame, suggest the authors of a new study to be published in a forthcoming issue of the journal Health Psychology.

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