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Being a Women

“Behind every successful man there is a woman”. Not only in the case of a man but this saying stands for the functioning of the whole world. She is said to be the ultimate strength and support behind the success of an individual. There is a lot of differenciation and discrimination in the name of gender as males and females. Nevertheless this difference do exist in nature from time immemorial.

A female draws out various characteristics which is different from that of a male, varying from factors such as physical, mental. biological and reproductive. These are inborn and inbuilt right from the time a mother concieves a female child.
Womanhood is the period in a females life after she has passed through childhood and adolescence, generally around the age 18. Women have three very important physiological functions totally absent in men--menstruation, pregnancy, and lactation.Each of these mechanisms influences the behavioural patterns of a female greatly.
Another such noticable factor could be psycological.
Women prefer to share and care more, she would discuss and figure out a solution for a problem which they face by discussing it with her friends. She is more emotionally depended and possess aa emotional mind when compared to that of men. But men on the other hand seem to be independent and keep things more to themselves. But unfortunately, women are more prone to different types of depressions due to their emotional weakness.
Communication skills and emotional intelligence are found to be better in females. They tend to be more group-oriented.
Women can be, and many are, greatly affected by hormone fluctuations. Hormonal changes in female body is much more prominant and undergoes changes as the age advances. The main two hormones generated in female body are estrogen and progestrone. Estrogen helps the uterus grow, maintains the uterine lining to protect the budding baby. Progesterone has characteristics that balance and counteract the adverse effects that estrogen can have.Progesterone is important mainly for the preparation of the endometrium for implantation of the egg during pregnancy and the maintenance of pregnancy.
women are more often portrayed as being under the influence of their hormones, as being subject to hormonal tides or hormonal storms.

Women face many injustices and inequalities globally, both in terms of economic factors and human rights. An often overlooked aspect of this phenomenon is their health, so its atmost important that proper diet and care are taken as far as female health is concerned.
A healthy diet can help reduce PMS(pre-menstrual syndrome), boost fertility, make pregnancy and nursing easier. It provides one with energy, maintaining weight and keeps you looking good.

God has created women in such a way that, she can take her generation forward by giving birth to new offsprings. The ideal time to start learning about pregnancy is not when a woman is already pregnant but much before that.
For a woman, pregnancy planning means learning everything she can about how her own health and that of her baby can be optimized. She is capable of conceiving from the time she attains puberty till the time of menopause.
A female body is also highly prone to diseases too due to its sensitive features or even due to malnutrition which leads to less immunity. Many such diseases are gallstones, migraine headaches,
osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure(hypertension) etc.
Women with Osteoporosis have weak bones which tend to break. Osteoporosis in the vertebrae can cause serious problems for women. A fracture in this area occurs from day-to-day activities like climbing stairs, lifting objects, or bending forward

 

Research has also revealed the genetic and molecular basis of a number of gender-based differences in health and disease, some of which are related to genotype — XX in the female and XY in the male.
Due to such less immune resistance women have got higher chances of developing Autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases can affect virtually every site in the body.

Autoimmune diseases affect approximately 8% of the population, 78% of whom are women. It is still unkown as to what reasons are there behind such a prevalence. One of the factors behind it could be genetic as it can be passed on from a mother to her offspring.

Junk Food Reduces Appetite for Balanced Diet

A very new study has revealed that junk food not only makes you look fat, it would not make you feel hungry soon and thus drives people to seek a balanced form of diet.
The study has shown that over consumption of junk food can have a change on your behavior, lessens overeating and weakens self-control and eventually leads to obesity.
Consuming more of junk diet results in lasting changes in the circuit parts of brain which is responsible for making decision. Thus, disrupts the ability and quality to have a control on intake of certain kinds of foods.

A research on rats was conducted, wherein healthy rats that consumed healthy diet stopped responding to healthy evidences that were connected to a flavor which they had recently eaten or consumed.
This instinctive mechanism, which is widespread among animals, offers protection against overeating while promoting a healthy and balanced diet.
But after having a two weeks diet that included daily access to foods that had high content of sugar and other junk items such as cafeteria foods, including cookies, pie, etc and also cakes which included 150 per cent more calories, the weight of rats increased by 10 percent and there was a noticeable dramatical behavioral

But after two weeks on a diet that included daily access to cafeteria foods, including pie, dumplings, cookies, and cake-with 150 per cent more calories-the rats' weight increased by 10 per cent and their behavior changed dramatically.

Other major problems among youngsters would be faced by girls, who may view food as a terror to there slimness or guys who run behind having health and muscle building supplements.

Light-activated drug to help control diabetes

Scientists have come out with a special drug for Type 2 diabetes that has been triggered on by blue light, thus paves the way to reducing the ill-effects and side-effects of diabetes medication. The drug would have less effect and may turn inactive under normal circumstances and conditions. But the patient can very well switch it on using blue LEDs that is attached to the skin.

A very small spark of light would be required to penetrate deep into the skin in order to change the shape of the drug and finally turns it on.
When the light goes off, the change becomes reversible and again the drug switches off.
Diabetes drugs that promotes the release of insulin from the body(in pancreas) can in many a times cause side effects because of the actions on organs such as brain and heart.
Some can also stimulate too much insulin release, causing blood sugar levels to drop too low," explained David Hodson from the Imperial College London.

They demonstrated that the prototype drug, known as JB253, stimulates insulin release from pancreatic cells in the lab when exposed to blue light.

"In principle, this type of therapy may allow better control over blood sugar levels because it can be switched on for a short time when required after a meal. It should also reduce complications by targeting drug activity to where it's needed in the pancreas," Hodson informed."So far, we have created a molecule that has the desired effect on human pancreatic cells in the lab. Our ultimate goal is to make this therapy available to patients soon," he noted.

Gateway to human memory in brain identified

An eminent team of scientists have successfully determined with a small level of precision that has not been achieved before the location in the brain where memories are generated. The team could very well emphasis on the location down to specific circuits of the human brain. The results and method of the study is likely to assist in acquiring a better understanding of the effects Alzheimer's disease has on the brain.

"We have been able to locate the generation of human memories to certain neuronal layers within the hippocampus and the entorhinal cortex. We were able to determine which neuronal layer was active," as per the director, Institute of Cognitive Neurology and Dementia Research at University of Magdeburg, Germany.

For their study, the scientists used a particularly accurate type of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Technology. They examined the brains of persons who had volunteered to participate in a memory test. "Previously used MRI techniques were not precise enough to capture this directional information. Hence, this is the first time we have been able to show where in the brain the doorway to memory is located," noted Duzel. They used a special type of magnetic resonance imaging technology called" 7 Tesla ultra-high field MRI."This enabled them to determine the activity of individual brain regions with unprecedented accuracy.

"This measuring technique allows us to track the flow of information inside the brain and examine the areas that are involved in the processing of memories in great detail," stressed Duzel. The study appeared in the journal Nature Communications.

Lost memory can be restored: Study

Researchers may be able to restore lost memories in early-stage Alzheimer’s patients, suggests a new study which found that long-term memories may not be stored in synapses as previously thought. Most neuroscientists have believed that memories are stored at the synapses – the connections between brain cells, or neurons – which are destroyed by Alzheimer’s disease.

‘Long-term memory is not stored at the synapse. That’s a radical idea, but that’s where the evidence leads. The nervous system appears to be able to regenerate lost synaptic connections,’ said David Glanzman, senior author of the study, and a University of California – Los Angeles professor.

‘If you can restore the synaptic connections, the memory will come back. It won’t be easy, but I believe it’s possible,’ he said. Glanzman’s research team studied a type of marine snail called Aplysia. They enhanced the snail’s withdrawal reflex by giving it several mild electrical shocks on its tail. The shock causes the hormone serotonin to be released in the snail’s central nervous system.

Long-term memory is a function of the growth of new synaptic connections caused by the serotonin, said Glanzman. As long-term memories are formed, the brain creates new proteins that are involved in making new synapses. If that process is disrupted the proteins may not be synthesized and long-term memories cannot form. In an experiment, researchers placed sensory and motor neurons that mediate the snail’s withdrawal reflex in a Petri dish, where the neurons re-formed the synaptic connections that existed when the neurons were inside the snail’s body.

Not bad luck, pollutants & lifestyle cause most cancers

American scientists recently stirred a hornet's nest by linking bad luck to the occurrence of cancer, but Indian oncologists would rather turn the equation on its head to say that as far as cancer is concerned, it's lucky to be in India.

"Tobacco is the cause for 40% to 50% of cancers in India as it increases the risk of cancers of the oral cavity, lungs, gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder," said Dr S D Banavali who heads medicinal oncology in Tata Memorial Hospital in Parel.

Second, as Tata Memorial Hospital director Dr Rajendra Badwe says, the rate of cancers in India is very low in comparison to the West. "The incidence of cancer is 90 per 1,00,000 persons in Indian cities and 45 per 1,00,000 in rural India. The West, on the other hand, has a rate of 350 per 1,00,000'' he said.

The happy picture does get blurry when one considers that India's population is so high that even a low cancer rate means a high number of patients. On the eve of World Cancer Day on February 4, the fact is that 10 lakh Indians get diagnosed with cancer every year while seven lakh others succumb to it.

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Blood pressure becoming common among youngsters

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Otitis media is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the...

Read more

Waterborne Diseases

Waterborne diseases are diseases those that are co...

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Eye and its Care

The Eye is the most important as well as the most complex organ of a hum...

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Skin and its Types

Skin contains specialised cells and structures, it is a changing organ a...

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Being a Women

“Behind every successful man there is a woman”. Not only in the case of a man but this saying stands for the functioning of the whole world. She is said to be the ultimate strength and support behind the success of an individual. There...
Read more

Remarkable health benefits of plant tannins

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