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Being a Women

“Behind every successful man there is a woman”. Not only in the case of a man but this saying stands for the functioning of the whole world. She is said to be the ultimate strength and support behind the success of an individual. There is a lot of differenciation and discrimination in the name of gender as males and females. Nevertheless this difference do exist in nature from time immemorial.

A female draws out various characteristics which is different from that of a male, varying from factors such as physical, mental. biological and reproductive. These are inborn and inbuilt right from the time a mother concieves a female child.
Womanhood is the period in a females life after she has passed through childhood and adolescence, generally around the age 18. Women have three very important physiological functions totally absent in men--menstruation, pregnancy, and lactation.Each of these mechanisms influences the behavioural patterns of a female greatly.
Another such noticable factor could be psycological.
Women prefer to share and care more, she would discuss and figure out a solution for a problem which they face by discussing it with her friends. She is more emotionally depended and possess aa emotional mind when compared to that of men. But men on the other hand seem to be independent and keep things more to themselves. But unfortunately, women are more prone to different types of depressions due to their emotional weakness.
Communication skills and emotional intelligence are found to be better in females. They tend to be more group-oriented.
Women can be, and many are, greatly affected by hormone fluctuations. Hormonal changes in female body is much more prominant and undergoes changes as the age advances. The main two hormones generated in female body are estrogen and progestrone. Estrogen helps the uterus grow, maintains the uterine lining to protect the budding baby. Progesterone has characteristics that balance and counteract the adverse effects that estrogen can have.Progesterone is important mainly for the preparation of the endometrium for implantation of the egg during pregnancy and the maintenance of pregnancy.
women are more often portrayed as being under the influence of their hormones, as being subject to hormonal tides or hormonal storms.

Women face many injustices and inequalities globally, both in terms of economic factors and human rights. An often overlooked aspect of this phenomenon is their health, so its atmost important that proper diet and care are taken as far as female health is concerned.
A healthy diet can help reduce PMS(pre-menstrual syndrome), boost fertility, make pregnancy and nursing easier. It provides one with energy, maintaining weight and keeps you looking good.

God has created women in such a way that, she can take her generation forward by giving birth to new offsprings. The ideal time to start learning about pregnancy is not when a woman is already pregnant but much before that.
For a woman, pregnancy planning means learning everything she can about how her own health and that of her baby can be optimized. She is capable of conceiving from the time she attains puberty till the time of menopause.
A female body is also highly prone to diseases too due to its sensitive features or even due to malnutrition which leads to less immunity. Many such diseases are gallstones, migraine headaches,
osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure(hypertension) etc.
Women with Osteoporosis have weak bones which tend to break. Osteoporosis in the vertebrae can cause serious problems for women. A fracture in this area occurs from day-to-day activities like climbing stairs, lifting objects, or bending forward

 

Research has also revealed the genetic and molecular basis of a number of gender-based differences in health and disease, some of which are related to genotype — XX in the female and XY in the male.
Due to such less immune resistance women have got higher chances of developing Autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases can affect virtually every site in the body.

Autoimmune diseases affect approximately 8% of the population, 78% of whom are women. It is still unkown as to what reasons are there behind such a prevalence. One of the factors behind it could be genetic as it can be passed on from a mother to her offspring.

Hepatitis C more prevalent than Ebola or HIV

More than 180 million people in the world have hepatitis C, compared with the 34 million with HIV/AIDS and the roughly 30,000 who have had Ebola, scientists say. Yet very little is heard about the hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the way of awareness campaigns, research funding or celebrity fundraisers, researchers said.

One of the global regions highly affected by hepatitis C is West Africa. In developed countries, hepatitis C, a blood-borne disease, is transmitted through intravenous (IV) drug use. In West Africa, we believe that there are many transmission modes and they are not through IV drug use, but through cultural and every day practices," said Jennifer Layden, principal investigator on the study from Loyola University Health System.

"In this study, tribal scarring, home birthing and traditional as opposed to hospital based circumcision procedures, were associated with hepatitis C infection in Ghana," said Layden. The study was conducted by HepNet, an international multidisciplinary group of physicians and scientists.

The other important finding was that a high percentage of individuals who tested positive for HCV had evidence of active infection. Discovering the source of the disease and a target population, she said, will aid in the next step of the research: how to protect and prevent the disease in Ghana. Hepatitis C is a chronic disease and leads to chronic liver disease, liver cancer and liver cirrhosis. Overall, worldwide rates of liver cancer is on the rise, whereas many other cancers are on the decline or steady.

Music therapy reduces depression in kids, adolescents

A recent study suggests that music therapy would help reduce depression and behavioral problems in children and adolescents.

In the largest ever study of its kind, the researchers from the Queen's University, Belfast, in partnership with the Northern Ireland Music Therapy Trust found that children who received music therapy had significantly improved self-esteem and significantly reduced depression compared with those who received treatment without music therapy.
They also found that those who received music therapy had improved communicative and interactive skills compared with those who received usual care options alone.

"This study is hugely significant in terms of determining effective treatments for children and young people with behavioural problems and mental health needs," said professor Sam Porter from the School of Nursing and Midwifery at the Queen's University.
For the study, 251 children and young people were analysed.
They were divided into two groups-128 underwent the usual care options, while 123 were assigned to music therapy in addition to usual care."

Music therapy has often been used with children and young people with particular mental health needs, but this is the first time its effectiveness has been shown by a definitive, randomized and controlled trial in a clinical setting," added Ciara Reilly, chief executive of the Northern Ireland Music Therapy Trust.

The research team will now look at the data to establish how cost-effective music therapy is in relation to other treatments.

Flexible work schedules of employees improve health and sleep

A new study has examined that people who have flexible work schedules have better health and they sleep properly than their counterparts.

The researchers followed 474 employees as part of a Work, Family and Health Network study conducted at an information technology company, with about half of the employees serving as the control while the other half experienced the study intervention. Both employees and their supervisors participated.

The intervention was designed to reduce conflicts between work and personal life, and focused on two main cultural shifts: allowing employees to decide on when and where they worked and training supervisors to support their employees' personal lives. Those who were assigned to the intervention were encouraged to be completely flexible about when and where they would work at the office, from home or elsewhere while still working the same number of hours as the control group. All of the participants wore a sleep-monitoring watch, a device that tracks movement to monitor periods of sleep.

At 12 months, the researchers found that employees who participated in the intervention experienced an average of eight minutes more sleep per night, which is nearly an hour more sleep per week, than the control group. Intervention participants perceptions of their sleep sufficiency also improved.

Orfeu M. Buxton, associate professor of biobehavioral health, Penn State, added that work can be a calling and inspirational, as well as a paycheck, but work should not be detrimental to health. It is possible to mitigate some of the deleterious effects of work by reducing work-family conflict and improving sleep.

Cancer : Breaking the bad news to patients

"A doctor must be able to read a patient in order to break bad news. I ensure they have at least one close family member present when I tell them. This way, the patient has another pair of ears as well as support after I leave the room" Dr Ranjana Srivastava , Oncologist in Australia says, over a telephone call from Melbourne.

According to the World Cancer Report from the World Health Organisation (WHO), nearly seven lakh Indians die of cancer every year, while over 10 lakh are newly diagnosed with some form of the disease. While doctors are consumed by growing queues in hospital waiting rooms, and the churn of diagnosis and treatment, in most cases, patients are left with inadequate knowledge of their condition.

In many cases, patients have a hint about the disease while going through the tests. The prolonged wait to be diagnosed only adds to the stress. Srivastava prefers to tell a patient that she needs to discuss serious news and suggests calling in a family member. It's important to be prompt in organizing such a meeting, she says.

3D printing points way to smarter cancer treatment

Now doctors can target the tumor growth more effectively and precisely as British scientists have developed a new form of 3D printing putting it to a work where in there is a replica model being developed of the cancerous body part.

The new cancer work involves printing 3D "phantoms" of tumors and organs based on CT scans taken of patients during treatment. These plastic molds can be filled with liquid, allowing experts see in detail the flow of so-called radio pharmaceuticals.

Radio pharmaceuticals are drugs containing radioactive material that may be injected into a vein, taken by mouth or placed in a body cavity. The challenge is to give a dose that is high enough to kill cancer cells, without causing excessive collateral damage to healthy tissue. Glenn Flux, head of radioisotope physics at the Institute of Cancer Research in London, believes accurate modeling will allow doctors in future to fine-tune dosing, resulting in the likely routine use of such 3D printouts.

Many chances of acquiring tumors that consists of thyroid cancer, cancer of nerves cells in children and certain other tumors that spread to the bones can also be diagnosed and detected. The team in London used a 3D printer from Stratasys, one of the leading suppliers of high-end machines.

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Menstrual Hygiene

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Successful Thinking

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Treatment Options To Quit Smoking And Prevent Nicotine Dependence

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