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Chest Infection, When we Do and Don't Require Antibiotics

A chest contamination, which influences the lung area, differs from an ordinary cough that is generally caused due to swelling in the upper portion of the air passages and congestion. These are prevalent in young kids along with the aging seniors, in addition to people who smoke cigarettes or even include a pre-existing respiratory problem like bronchial asthma.
When we don't require antibiotics:
Bronchitis is generally attributable to a viral strain; therefore antibiotics are of no use. It will show improvement by itself; however you can relieve the discomforts with aspirin, paracetamol and even ibuprofen. In case you have been coughing for a brief time period - as much as a fortnight or so. But, otherwise you are fit and strong, you most likely don't need to have antibiotics. Nevertheless, do consult a physician when it endures for longer than 3 weeks. You may get an extra bacterial contamination from a chest contamination; therefore keep your eyes open for additional signs or symptoms like high fever in addition to wheezing.
When do we need antibiotics?
Signs or symptoms like an elevated temperature of over 38.5 degree Celsius, breathing difficulties, throbbing headache and even coughing up brownish, foul-tasting phlegm, could be a warning sign of pneumonia. This could go along with a chest contamination, particularly in older people. Contrary to bronchitis, pneumonia might be attributable to harmful bacteria, and even antibiotics tend to be vital. Should you cough up blood or even get a prolonged cough for over 3 weeks, you need to refer to a physician.

Vitamin D boosts immune system to fight colorectal cancer

A new study has revealed that people with high levels of vitamin D in their bloodstream have a lower overall risk of developing colorectal cancer. The research by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute investigators, which represents the first time that a link between vitamin D and the immune response to cancer has been shown in a large human population, that vitamin D, known as the "sunshine vitamin" because it is produced by the body in response to sunlight exposure, plays a key role in cancer prevention.

Senior author Shuji Ogino said that laboratory research suggests that vitamin D boosts immune system function by activating T cells that recognize and attack cancer cells.

Researchers theorized that if the two phenomena were connected, then people with high levels of vitamin D would be less likely to develop colorectal tumors that are permeated with large numbers of immune system cells and colorectal tumors that do develop in these individuals would, by the same logic, be more resistant to the immune response.

Ogino added that this is the first study to show evidence of the effect of vitamin D on anti-cancer immune function in actual patients, and vindicates basic laboratory discoveries that vitamin D can interact with the immune system to raise the body's defenses against cancer.

Simple blood test can detect risk of dementia

Now you can test the possibility of developing dementia with a prick of a needle. As opposed to cardiovascular diseases, where the level of cholesterol in our blood indicates the risk of cardiac arrest, there are no such trustworthy markers in our blood in terms of diagnosing the risk of dementia setting in. However, Scientists at Rigshopitalet, Herlev Hospital and the University of Copenhagen have now identified a new biomarker, measurable in a simple blood test, which will help predict the onset of dementia.

Assistant clinical and research professor Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, said that the blood test would help provide a more precise risk evaluation of a citizen's risk of developing dementia later in life. The blood test would enable an earlier and more focused prevention effort, thus prolonging the onset of the illness and raising the individual's quality of life, she added. Researchers hope that with time, this new blood test will be applicable in clinical practice.

In the study, researchers show that a low level of the biomarker, the so-called apolipoprotein E, in our blood, increases the risk of developing dementia in the future. This was revealed in comprehensive studies of the general public, the Herlev-Oesterbro Study and the Oesterbro Study, involving 76,000 people. The study is published in th internationally acclaimed journal, the Annals of Neurology.

Working night shifts can affect your body?

The sleep-wake cycle of individuals becomes irregular and leads to reduced TST (Total Sleep Time) on a nightly basis. This in turn results in an accumulation of chronic sleep debt. Gastro-intestinal symptoms, malaise, impaired immunity, mood dysfunction, lack of attentiveness ‘Absenteeism’, lack of productivity, weight gain, insulin resistance, accelerated ageing and other somatic symptoms are all consequences of delayed sleep onset.

How does one minimize this damage?
A few strategies to cope with night shift jobs include:
1. Employers must ensure that these shifts are rotated among people with timely weekly offs in order for the employee to maintain appropriate and sufficient sleep schedules.
2. Make sure there is enough exposure to bright light during work hours.
3. After the night shift, make sure that you darken the room and minimize noise pollution to create an environment conducive for sleep. Take power naps just before the night shift.
4. You can also take medications both to induce sleep and promote waking. Phototherapy under the guidance of a physician can also help in regulating the circadian clock of a person.
5. Employers should also obtain feedback from employees about their shift preferences and assign shifts accordingly.
6. People in rotating shift jobs can take certain measures to ensure that their body is ready for the new schedule.
7. It’s very critical for the person’s family and companions to support the person in helping them sleep better. It’s important that they realize the importance of the body clock, and the need to regulate sleep.

Delhi Govt acts tough against ads of tobacco products

Delhi Government has written to various tobacco companies asking them to remove advertisement boards from shops and warned them against free distribution of boards or counters having tobacco ads among vendors.

Section 5 of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA), 2003 prohibits direct and indirect advertisements of tobacco products including at point of sale.

The Health Department had also written to Delhi Metro Rail Corporation requesting it to remove such advertisements from trains and stations following which it issued a circular to various advertisement agencies and also removed some ads.

"We have also written to the central government, DIP/DAVP and Advertisement Standard Council of India to stop surrogate advertisements of few tobacco brands which are happening on radio, TV, newspapers, etc. In the name of pan masala and mouth-fresheners, etc.," said Arora , Additional Director (Health). On February 28, the department had undertaken a massive awareness and enforcement drive in the city during which 60 shops were raided, 31 vendors were challaned and court proceedings were initiated against 12 repeat offenders.

"As part of the drive, several ads were removed from shops and other parts of the city and challans of amount Rs 9,500 were issued to vendors for violations of rule.

"Around 450 people including tobacco vendors and general public were sensitised on tobacco related issues. Also, vendors were strictly warned against display of such tobacco products," said Arora.

UK govt join hands with Bill Gates to set up £1bn to fight malaria

UK government in association with Microsoft founder Bill Gates raises one billion to fight malaria. The fund is named after Sir Ronald Ross who became Britain's first Nobel Prize winner in 1902 for his discovery that malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes.

The number of people dying from malaria is falling but a child still dies from the disease every minute in Africa. The £1bn will come from the UK's overseas aid budget over the next five years. Of the total: £115m is earmarked for research into new drugs, diagnostics and insecticides for Malaria, TB and other infectious diseases and a further £188m will be spent on improving bio defences and rapid response systems to fast-spreading epidemics such as Ebola.

A report published in the journal Nature earlier this year showed 663 million cases of malaria have been prevented in Africa as a result of concerted efforts to tackle the disease since 2000.Researchers from Oxford University attributed the reduction mostly to bed nets.

Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes, called "malaria vectors.”

Malaria is an acute febrile illness. In a non-immune individual, symptoms appear 7 days or more (usually 10–15 days) after the infective mosquito bite. The first symptoms – fever, headache, chills and vomiting – may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If not treated within 24 hours, P. falciparum malaria can progress to severe illness, often leading to death.

Parents want genome sequencing for newborns

As per a new study most parents irrespective of their demographic background are very much keen to have genomic sequencing done for their newborns that would make possible for the doctors to have a personalized medicine to guide therapeutic interven....Read More

Keep calm before your wedding day

It is not at all surprising if you get tensed and get a cold feet just before your day. It really foolish if you think of stepping back from the thought of getting married. Here are certain tips that you could follow in order to be calm.

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5 Tricks to use the eyeliner perfectly

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The many reasons to workout

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How we watch TV can help detect eye related issues

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Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis also known as Bechterew’s disease is a medi...

Read more

E.coli contamination in water

Ground and surface water including streams, rivers, lakes and water used...

Read more

How Do We Get Vitamin-A From Food

Beta carotene is a yellow- orange pigment, which are the most plentiful ...

Read more


Adenomyosis is a medical condition in which the endometrial tissue (inne...

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Chest Infection, When we Do and Don't Require Antibiotics

A chest contamination, which influences the lung area, differs from an ordinary cough that is generally caused due to swelling in the upper portion of the air passages and congestion. These are prevalent in young kids along with the aging seniors,...
Read more

What is a depressive disorder?

Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest in activities. It is sometime referred to as major depression, major depressive disorder or clinical depression. There will be alterati...
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