Albinism is a type of inherited disorder in which there is complete or partial lack of pigment melanin in skin, hair and eyes. This condition occurs due to defect or complete lack of the enzyme tyrosinase, an enzyme responsible for production of melanin. Albinism is a congenital disorder and occurs due to inheritance of defective recessive genes. This condition is known to affect all the vertebrates including human beings.
Hair color is also affected and may range from white to brown, sometimes reddish even yellowish hair is also seen. Like skin color hair color may also change with age. Color of the eyes may range from brown to pale blue and also tend to change with age. In some of the affected person eyes may appear red because of complete lack of pigment in the iris and subsequent failure of the irises to block light passing through them.
Albinism may lead to number of complications like increased tendency to suffer from sun burn and skin cancer. Apart from physical complications albinism often leads to number social problems like social isolation leading to poor self esteem and depression.