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Brain GPS grabs Nobel Price

Prof John O'Keefe , May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser won the 2014 Nobel Prize for medicine .They discovered “The inner GPS”   which explains how the brai

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Reverse innovation and mHealth incredibly shrink the pacemaker

Reverse innovation by medical device innovators have been keen on producing complicated and costlier devices simple, by stripping down the cost to make it affordable to common people.

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by Leen B. Jesmas

The soaring price of drugs is a global issue. A report in New York Times last day reveals that officials have started questioning the alarming rise in the prices of generic drugs. A government committee have started investigation on the recent complaints from constituents, pharmacists and media. They are focusing on 10 drugs whose large price has got attention. The law makers have sent letters to these drug makers requesting explanations for price increase. The manufacturers are given time till October 23rd says the report. The global pharmaceutical industry stood at 5.6bn USD in 2010 and is expected to grow to 10.8bn USD by 2020. Though there are international and national bodies to check the prices of drugs, the issue is not yet totally cured. The price of a drug is normally associated with cost of research. This added with manufacturing cost and marketing expenses is the actual price.
But when the industry turns profit motive, and regulations stand in effective, the medical world faces the global challenge of rising prices.

Brain GPS grabs Nobel Price

by Nikhil Raj N.

Prof John O'Keefe , May-Britt Moser and Edvard Moser won the 2014 Nobel Prize for medicine .They discovered “The inner GPS”   which explains how the brain knows where we are and how we are  able to navigate from one place to another.

Prof John discovered the first part of the brain's internal positioning system in 1971.He found that when he placed rats in certain parts of a room different cells in the brain’s hippocampus were always activated.Hippocampus is trusted to be important in functions related to space and memory .As per his theory , these “place cells” formed a map of the room in the brain.

The Mosers, joined his  research in 2005, found “grid cells” that make up a coordinate system that allows us to navigate.The couple found that the entorhinal cortex of a rat moving in a room was activated in a unique spatial pattern, which helps brain to judge distance and navigate.A combination of grid and place cells "constitutes a comprehensive positioning system, an inner GPS, in the brain".Their findings is an answer for the question "Why Alzheimer's patients cannot recognize their surroundings" .

May-Britt Moser becomes the 11th woman to receive the Nobel Prize in medicine

Reverse innovation and mHealth incredibly shrink the pacemaker

by Bose R C

Reverse innovation by medical device innovators have been keen on producing complicated and costlier devices simple, by stripping down the cost to make it affordable to common people. Medtronic’s had come out with a mini-pacemaker, which is as small as a vitamin capsule. Currently, pacemaker is placed inside the chest by creating a pocket on the upper part of the chest and the leads are connected into the heart through blood vessels. This is a complicated surgical procedure and require skill and practice. It is also expensive that a common man cannot afford. New incredible mini-pacemaker is very easy to implant. It's a leadless pacemaker, inserted through the femoral vein in the leg up to the heart with the help of a catheter. Once it reaches the heart, it fixes itself and begins to work inside the heart. This eliminates the complicated surgical procedure. The most interesting feature of this device is, it has no leads and it does not require surgery, hence the risk for the patient is very less with mini-pacemaker and above all, a specialist skilled surgeon is also not required. Benefits of this pace-maker are beyond this. It can be connected and controlled via smartphones. This mini-pacemaker’s telemetry helps healthcare professionals to control the device and monitor patients, using a standard programmer. It has a battery life of seven-year, a memory, data can be retrieved and it can be reprogrammed.

Smile and let your teeth breath

by Anagha Mahesh


Given below are certain tips to be undertaken with concern to oral health:
- Brushing and keeping your teeth neat and clean. Read and go through articles and other related write-ups related to oral health and care.
- A healthy lifestyle, including eating well, no smoking and limiting your alcohol intake, is good for the whole body as well as teeth.
- By establishing a good dental health routine one can have healthy teeth for a lifetime.
- It is also important to have a regular check-up with your dentist. If a problem is detected earlier it becomes easier to treat and if not treated on time it may lead to other major problems.
- A tongue scraper is an important part of oral hygiene that will also work wonders with stale, bad breath. Use it to remove the plaque on your tongue, which will freshen breath and presumably slow down the accumulation of plaque on your teeth. Alternatively, you can use a tongue cleaner or your toothbrush to clean your tongue.
- Use of a fluoride mouthwash: It helps strengthen tooth enamel but should be taken care that you don’t swallow it. The best time to use mouthwash is before you go to bed. Follow the directions on the bottle.
- Avoid snacking in between every interval also avoid sugary or sticky foods as they tend to stick onto the tooth enamel and gums.


Health Headlines

by Vijayalakshmi Vijayakrishnan

                                 Vaccinations for 50­plus advised
Dubai is not just toddlers who need to be vaccinated, with the threat of pneumococcal diseases like meningitis, respiratory infections and pneumonia in crowded places. Adults above the age of 50 with compromised immunity need to be vaccinated too.

Health forum in Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi will host the GCC Healthcare Innovation Congress forum next month, where participants will provide innovative strategies to improve the quality of healthcare delivery whilst reducing costs and assessing the latest medical and management technologies for improving patient care.

Switching off Memories

by Bejoy Antony

It’s a fact that our memories make us who we are. But sometimes these can be so harsh and we wish it could be avoidable. Scientists are now claiming to erase specific memory through lighting a particular portion of our brain. The researchers at the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience and Department of Psychology have tested light to erase specific memories in mice, and confirmed a basic theory of how various parts of the brain do task together to retrieve episodic memories.Optogenetics, pioneered by Karl Diesseroth at Stanford University, is a new method for hacking and studying nerve cells using light or photons. The techniques of optogenetics are rapidly becoming the standard method for investigating brain function.

Meet The Masters

The American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery Hospital is committed to provide the needs of the region by providing optimal care, services, training, and public awareness, says Alessia Moretti, Director of American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery Hospital.Alessia was partcipating in our show “Meet The Masters” She says that AACSH is the only hospital for cosmetic surgery in Middle East and was established in 2007. With a Degree in PR and Communications from IULM University of Milan, Alessia has built a career in operations management and marketing for Multinational Corporations from Middle East. The hospital includes medical spa which caters different services such as facial & body massage and also the latest appliances for body contouring.As a part of their welness they offer nutrition councelling, life coaching and reflexology. The entire team is very proud of being a part of the only hospital which is provding all kind of facilities in the region and includes a first class education facility, says Alessia in the interview with Medibiz Crew.


BAKED SWEET POTATOES

by Anjali J Menon

2 tbs Olive Oil
3 Large Sweet Potatoes
Pinches of salt, pepper and oregano

 Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C).
 Grease the non-stick baking dish with olive oil.
 Wash and peel the sweet potatoes.
 Cut them into medium size pieces.
 Toss the sweet potatoes in  the baking dish,
 so that they are coated with the olive oil.
 Sprinkle moderately with oregano, and salt and pepper.
 Bake in a preheated 350 degrees F (175 degrees C)
 oven for 60 minutes or until soft.
 Serve it hot.

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